Earth's Dynamic Surface
Groundwater Computer Lab Exercise

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Name:_____________________________________________________



  1. Much of the rainwater returns to the atmosphere after a storm in 2 ways. Name them.

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  2. Water soaking into the ground is termed?

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  3. What does infiltrated water do for the groundwater?

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  4. What is the term for the contact between the unsaturated and saturated zone?

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  5. Clicking on saturated zone, define an aquifer.

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  6. Why do some streams almost never run dry?

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  7. Streams discussed in question #6 are termed?

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  8. Water that does not infiltrate is termed?

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  9. What 2 factors cause flooding?

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Click on closer look on frame 247.
  1. Average rainfall for Albuquerque, NM ________________________________________?


    New York City ________________________________________?


  2. What else minimizes the amount of available water in Albuquerque?

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  3. What type of sediments make up Albuquerque’s aquifer?

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  4. What forms during pumping?

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  5. Is recharge greater or less than it was before in Albuquerque?

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  6. What problem does Albuquerque face in the next few years with water supply?

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  7. What is a spring?

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  8. Define a cave.

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  9. What is the common rock making caves?

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  10. Which chemical reaction forms caves?

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  11. What is a sinkhole?

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  12. Looking at location map of sinkholes and caves, what type of rocks are most common in red areas?

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  13. What environment were the rocks that make up sinkholes and caves deposited?

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  14. Define karst.

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  15. What’s a speleothem?

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  16. What’s a stalactite?

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  17. What’s a stalagmite?

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  18. What’s a soda straw?

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